Interventions for breast cancer awareness amongst women of all ages

Review objective: To assess the effects of interventions to develop breast cancer awareness amongst women. Breast cancer is the most frequently diagnosed cancer and the leading cause of cancer death in females globally (Jemal et al., 2011). Early diagnosis of breast cancer is linked to more favourable outcomes and longer survival (Richards et al., 1999a; Richards et al., 1999b). While Breast Self-Examination (BSE) continues to be advocated for early detection of breast symptoms (American Cancer Society, 2012), a recent Cochrane review (Kosters and Gotzsche, 2008), reported lack of evidence to support the use of breast screening by BSE or clinical examination of breasts by a Health Care Professional (HCP), in improving breast cancer mortality rates. Nonetheless, the review highlighted the need for women to be able to self-identify breast changes and seek prompt medical advice. Thus, the need for HCPs to promote breast awareness for women is crucial. A systematic review to determine the effectiveness of interventions in increasing breast cancer awareness amongst women of all ages would benefit HCPs globally in their efforts to reduce breast cancer burden through its early detection, diagnosis and treatment. Additionally, data from the review will determine the impact of increased breast cancer awareness on earlier detection of breast cancer, stage of cancer at diagnosis, and survival outcomes.

Award Date
30 September 2013
Award Value
€92,898
Principal Investigator
Ms Mairin O'Mahoney
Host Institution
University College Cork
Scheme
Cochrane Training Fellowships